Arkalyk State Pedagogical Institute named after Y. Altynsarin

“Daniel Defoe - English writer and publicist”

“Daniel Defoe - English writer and publicist”

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 In the reading room of foreign literature, IBK underwent a thematic review on the theme “Daniel Defoe - English Writer and Publicist”, where students could get acquainted with the biography and work of the writer. Second-year students of the DIA group Ahmediyar Madina, Askarbek Ayim, Batyrgaliyeva Symbat, Taikaraeva Aidana, Nyshanbai Gulnur prepared thematic reports and recited poems.


    Daniel Defoe (1660 - April 24, 1731) - English writer, journalist, pamphletist, whose worldwide fame brought the novel "Robinson Crusoe." Defoe is notable for being one of the early adherents of the genre of the novel, helped popularize him in the UK, some researchers even call him one of the founders of the English novel. A prolific and versatile writer, he created over five hundred books, pamphlets, and magazines on a variety of topics (including politics, crime, religion, marriage, psychology, and the supernatural). He was also a pioneer in the genre of economic journalism.
     From 1719 to 1724 Defoe wrote the famous novels - including "Robinson Crusoe", published in 1719, and others: "Mole Flanders", "Ronsoni", "Colonel Jack", "Captain Singlton". After that, he wrote books on social and political issues ("Everybody's Business is Nobody's Business"), supernatural ("The Political Story of the Devil"), even turned to writing manuals. One of his greatest works, along with the novels, is "Journey Throughout the Island of Great Britain" (1924−1927), providing a survey of British trade on the eve of the Industrial Revolution.
     Daniel Defoe died on April 26, 1731, away from home and family, hiding from his creditors. He was buried in the Banhill Fields cemetery in London, where you can still visit his grave.


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