Arkalyk State Pedagogical Institute named after Y. Altynsarin

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Educational (archeological and ethnographic) practice

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In accordance with the order of the rector № 158 of 16.05.18. "On the direction of students to practice", under the guidance of the senior teacher of the department Eleusov BA, students of the 2nd course of specialty 5B011400 History were sent to the village of Karatogray to pass the training practice in the period from 04.06.2018-16.06.2018.

June 4 students under the direction of B.A. arrived in Karatogai. The students were provided with housing, previously stipulated by the rector of the university together with akim of the village T. Baigukina. On the first day of arrival, work was carried out on placement. For the passage of educational (archeological and ethnographic) practice, the university provided the necessary equipment and food.
On the second day, in connection with the weather, archaeological work was not carried out. However, the students were guided by a tour of cultural monuments, previously conducted archaeological excavations in September-October 2017. The Karataghai region consists of a number of high and medium hills. Some of which are in the process of studying, conducting archaeological excavations by the staff of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnology named after A.Margulan and the Kazakhstan National Museum. Upon arrival at the excavation site, we were greeted by a museum employee, master of archeological sciences Kyzyrkhanov Meirzhan. After sharing the latest news in the world of archeology, Mr. Kyzyrkhanov gave the floor to his colleague Kairmyambetov Arhat, who in his turn acquainted with the object, the process of archaeological works carried out since the previous year.
Mr. Arhat gave an excursion to students on the sites of archaeological burials of Saba-1 and the remains found in this burial. Excavations of this burial began in autumn 2017. The residents of the village were also involved in the excavations. In the process of work were found cultural monuments relating to the Saxon period. This region is considered the territory of the settlement of the Saka and Sarmatian tribes. The remains of a man were found, more than 157 arrowheads. After the analysis, archaeologists concluded that the found monuments belong to the Sarmatian culture. The found arrowheads are of great importance for Kazakhstani archeology. Since, early in the territory of central Kazakhstan, no research has been conducted on the Saka culture, this is a feature of the excavations.
June 6, 2018 at the site of excavations, the head of the archaeological expedition Ph.D., a well-known archaeologist Awan O'aruly conducted a conversation with students of interns. Awan O'aruly is the head of the research center "Halyk Kazynasy" at the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Conducting the conversation, he noted the importance of excavation, since previously there were no archaeological works in Central Kazakhstan, namely, the ancient and medieval periods. These works are related to the implementation of cultural programs of national importance and the program of spiritual revival of the nation and national history. Moreover, the Torgay region attracts archaeologists by the fact that little has been explored earlier. In 2018, it is planned to unearth three burials, two of which have a stone embankment, and one of the earth. Two burials were unearthed, the cultural monuments found were seized, photographed and re-filled. Every year on April 18, the International Day of Historical Monuments and Historic Sites is celebrated.
Students conducted excavations on Saba-2-1 objects, Saba-2-2. In the process of work, the students learned to excavate, mastered all the complexities and joys of archeology. The first days were unsuccessful. In the following days often encountered new finds of historical monuments. For example, pitchers dated 2500 BC were practically untouched. In the graves were found fragments of human remains, beads, tips, etc. The archaeological monument Saba-1 has a length of 25-30 meters, a height of 3.5 - 4 meters. Other graves are smaller, for example, 1.5 or 2.5 meters in height, about 5-8 meters long. A large burial indicates that there was buried the leader of the tribes and either the ancestor. The remains of the man found in the burial of Saba-1 have been preserved well, it should be noted that a symbolic sign was found under the skull that determines the social status of the deceased. Also, fragments of a bridle, arrowheads, etc. were found, which more strengthened the enthusiasm and interest of students of interns. According to the head of the archaeological expedition Akan Ongaruly, archaeological excavations in the Torgay region will take 2-3 years. The more intensive the archaeological excavations will be carried out, the more material sources will be available on the history of the native land, this will make it possible to more reliably study the history of the Torgai region.

Last modified on Wednesday, 27 June 2018 08:58

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